How can we amend the Indian Constitution?

How can I amend the Constitution?

The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures.

What are the 4 ways the Constitution can be amended in India?

There are three ways in which the Constitution can be amended: Amendment by simple majority of the Parliament. Amendment by special majority of the Parliament. Amendment by special majority of the Parliament and the ratification of at least half of the state legislatures.

Who can propose an amendment to the Constitution in India?

The power to initiate an amendment to the Constitution lies with the Parliament. The state legislatures cannot initiate any bill or proposal for amending the Constitution except in one case, that is, passing a resolution requesting the Parliament for the creation or abolition of legislative councils in the states.

How do the 4 ways to amend the Constitution work?

There are actually four ways. (1) Both houses propose an amendment with a two-thirds vote, and three-fourths of the state legislatures approve. … (4) Two-thirds of the state legislatures call on Congress to hold a constitutional convention, and three-fourths of the states approve the amendment via ratifying conventions.

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What are three ways the Constitution can be amended?

Amendments may be proposed either by the Congress, through a joint resolution passed by a two-thirds vote, or by a convention called by Congress in response to applications from two-thirds of the state legislatures.

What is the first step to amending the Constitution?

o Step 1: Two-thirds of both houses of Congress pass a proposed constitutional amendment. This sends the proposed amendment to the states for ratification. o Step 2: Three-fourths of the states (38 states) ratify the proposed amendment, either by their legislatures or special ratifying conventions.

Why do we need to amend the Constitution?

The Constitution needs to be amended to provide for giving power to both the Centre and states in respect of GST, a single tax on goods and services. … It says Parliament and the legislature of every state will have the power to make laws with respect to goods and services tax imposed by the Union or by such state.

Can Article 368 itself be amended?

Parliament has limited power to amend the Constitution. The parliament cannot damage the basic structure of the Constitution. Article 368 does not provide the power to the parliament regarding the Amendment in Part III of the Constitution. The Parliament by amending Article 368 cannot increase its Amendment powers.

Which is the latest amendment in Indian Constitution?

One Hundred and Fourth Amendment of the Constitution of India

The Constitution (One Hundred and Fifth Amendment) Act, 2021
Passed 11 August
Commenced 15 August
Legislative history
Bill introduced in the Lok Sabha The Constitution (One Hundred and Fifth Amendment) Bill, 2021
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Is amendment a law?

Supreme Court held that the power to amend the Constitution, including Fundamental Rights is contained in Article 368. An amendment is not a law within the meaning of Article 13(2). … An amendment is valid even if it abridges any fundamental Right.

What is the 104th constitutional amendment?

This Act ceased the reservation of seats for Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative assemblies and extended reservations for SCs and STs for up to ten years. The amendment came into effect on January 25, 2020. …

How many amendments are there in Indian Constitution?

As of October 2021, there have been 105 amendments of the Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950. There are three types of amendments to the Constitution of India of which second and third type of amendments are governed by Article 368.