What changes did the Government of India Act 1858?

What were the changes brought by the government of India Act?

i. Transferred powers from the East India Company to the Crown. ii. A member of British Parliament was made secretary of state of India to exercise powers on behalf of the Crown and was responsible to the British Parliament.

What were the feature of the Government of India Act 1858?

This Act scrapped the system of double government by abolishing the Board of Control and Court of Directors. The act changed the designation of the Governor-General of India to Viceroy of India. The Viceroy was a direct representative of the British Government in India.

What did the government of India Act do?

The Government of India Act (1919) established a bicameral legislative parliament for all British India, but without the power to restrain the Viceroy’s executive. In the provinces, the Act aimed to prepare Indians for ‘responsible government’ through the system of dyarchy.

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What was the major change effected by the act of 1858?

The rebellion saw the end of the East India Company ‘s rule in India. By the Government of India Act 1858, the company was formally dissolved and its ruling powers over India were transferred to the British Crown. The rebellion also transformed both the native and European armies of British India.

Which of the following changes were brought by the 1858 Act?

By the Government of India Act 1858, the power to govern India was transferred from the East India Company to the British Crown. The authority over India, which was wielded by the directors of the Company and the Board of Control, was now to be exercised by the Secretary of State for India aided by a Council.

What was the significance of the Government of India Act 1858?

The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the British parliament that transferred the government and territories of the East India Company to the British Crown. The company’s rule over British territories in India came to an end and it was passed directly to the British government.

What were the changes in the policies of the British after 1858?

After 1858, the British continued to follow the policy of divide and rule by turning the princes against the people, province against province, caste against caste, group against group, and, above all, Hindus against Muslims.

What were the important changes in the governance of British in India?

The British Parliament passed a new Act in 1858 and transferred the powers of the East India Company to the British Crown (royal family). A member of the British Cabinet was appointed Secretary of State for India, and made responsible for all matters related to the governance of India.

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What was the impact of the Government of India Act 1935 on Bengal?

Under the Government of India Act (1935), Bengal was constituted an autonomous province in 1937. That remained the situation until the Indian subcontinent was partitioned into the two dominions of Pakistan and India after the British withdrawal in 1947.

What was the major change introduced by the Government of India Act of 1919?

The Government of India Act of 1919, made a provision for classification of the central and provincial subjects. The Act kept the Income Tax as a source of revenue to the Central Government. However, for Bengal and Bombay, to meet their objections, a provision to assign them 25% of the income tax was made.

What was the main change introduced by the Government of India Act 1935 at the provincial level?

That Act introduced a novel system of government known as provincial “diarchy”, i.e., certain areas of government (such as education) were placed in the hands of ministers responsible to the provincial legislature, while others (such as public order and finance) were retained in the hands of officials responsible to …