What was the Indian Removal Act in simple terms?
The Indian Removal Act was a law in the United States that was passed in 1830. … It gave the President the power to force Native American tribes to move to land west of the Mississippi River. Not all American citizens liked the law.
What were the policies of the Indian Removal Act?
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.
What did the Indian Removal Act promise?
The Indian Removal Act offered tribes in the East lands in an area west of the Mississippi (soon to be called “Indian Territory”). The U.S. government promised to compensate the tribes for the property they would have to abandon. … Way up north in the Cherokee Nation.
What were the short term effects of the Indian Removal Act?
The terms “Trail of Tears” and “The Place Where They Cried” refer to the suffering of Native Americans affected by the Indian Removal Act. It is estimated that the five tribes lost 1 in 4 of their population to cholera, starvation, cold and exhaustion during the move west.
Why was the Indian Removal Act important?
It gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. Under these treaties, the Indians were to give up their lands east of the Mississippi in exchange for lands to the west. Those wishing to remain in the east would become citizens of their home state.
What was the Indian Removal Act quizlet?
Law passed by Congress in 1830 and supported by President Andrew Jackson allowing the U.S. government to remove the Native Americans from their eastern homelands and force them to move west of the Mississippi River. Many tribes signed treaties and agreed to voluntary removal.
Who benefited from the Indian Removal Act?
Most white Americans supported the Removal Act, especially southerners who were eager to expand southward. Expansion south would be good for the country and the future of the country’s economy with the later introduction of cotton production in the south.