You asked: Which European country officially took control of India in the late 1800s?

What European countries took control of India?

The British essentially ruled most of India (along with what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh) for almost two hundred years. The other European powers that tried to have control in India were the Dutch, the Portuguese, and most especially the French.

Who ruled India in 1860s?

British Raj

India
Viceroy
• 1858–1862 (first) Charles Canning
• 1947 (last) Louis Mountbatten
Secretary of State

When did Britain conquer India?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

Which European powers had control over some parts of India after independence?

Answer: British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

When did Europeans take over India?

Only a few years later, near the end of the 15th century, Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama became the first European to re-establish direct trade links with India since Roman times by being the first to arrive by circumnavigating Africa (c. 1497–1499).

Colonial India.

EIC in India 1612–1757
Partition of India 1947

How did Britain control India through imperialism?

For example, the British Parliament passed the Government of India Act on August 2nd, 1858, which effectively ended the company and transferred all of its powers in India to the British Monarchy. This transition saw Britain take over direct control of India as a colony and led to the period known as the ‘British Raj’.

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Which European country came to India first?

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.

Why did Europeans came to India?

The quest for wealth and power brought Europeans to Indian shores in 1498 when Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese voyager, arrived in Calicut (modern Kozhikode, Kerala) on the west coast. … Indian rulers enthusiastically accommodated the newcomers in hopes of pitting them against the Portuguese.